Federal Employment Assistance for Veterans
Published on AidPage by IDILOGIC
on Jun 24, 2005
Purpose of this program:
To provide assistance to veterans in obtaining Federal employment.
Possible uses and use restrictions...
Veterans may obtain employment information from the U.S. Office of Personnel Management (OPM) offices. (1) Disabled veterans and certain wives or husbands, widows or widowers, and mothers of veterans receive 10 points added to earned eligible ratings in Civil Service examinations. (2) Veterans separated from the armed forces under honorable conditions before October 15, 1976, receive 5 points. As of October 15, 1976, 5 point veterans' preference is awarded to veterans with campaign and expeditionary medals or who served on active duty during the period beginning August 2, 1990, and ending January 2, 1992. (3) Under the Veterans Readjustment Appointment (VRA) Program, excepted appointments of eligible Vietnam-era veterans and post-Vietnam-era veterans may be made by agencies to positions in the competitive service up to grade GS-11 in accordance with regulations issued by OPM. Veterans must meet minimum qualification requirements for the positions. Written tests, if required, may be waived for veterans readjustment appointees by an agency. Eligible veterans must have served more than 180 days active duty and have other than a dishonorable discharge from military service. (4) Under the special appointing authority for 30 percent or more disabled veterans, veterans with service-connected disability ratings of 30 percent or more may be appointed noncompetitively to any grade level in the competitive service. (5) OPM became responsible for planning, implementing and monitoring the Disabled Veterans Affirmative Action Program (DVAAP) in the Federal service on October 1, 1982. Agencies must have current DVAAP plans for the employment and advancement and retention of disabled veterans.
Who is eligible to apply...
(1) Five-point preference is given to veterans separated under honorable conditions, and who served on active duty in the armed forces of the United States during certain periods of time or have a campaign or expeditionary medal. Ten-point preference is given to disabled veterans and certain wives or husbands, widows or widowers, and mothers of veterans. (2) Certain veterans who served in the armed forces after the period August 5, 1964, are eligible for a veterans readjustment appointment. (3) Public Law 94-502 authorizes Federal agencies to provide unpaid training or work experience, as a part of the Department of Veterans Affairs vocational rehabilitation for a disabled veteran. Such training may be designed to provide noncompetitive appointment.
For veterans preference, general proof of honorable separation such as discharge certificate or DD Form 214. In addition, for 10-point preference, a letter from the Department of Veterans Affairs or military department certifying existence of service- connected disability. When the 10-point preference is based on the award of a Purple Heart, official documentation of the award is sufficient.
Note:This is a brief description of the credentials or documentation required prior to, or along with, an application for assistance.
About this section:
This section indicates who can apply to the Federal government for assistance and the criteria the potential applicant must satisfy.
For example, individuals may be eligible for research grants, and the criteria to be satisfied may be that they have a professional or scientific degree,
3 years of research experience, and be a citizen of the United States. Universities, medical schools, hospitals, or State and local governments may also be eligible.
Where State governments are eligible, the type of State agency will be indicated (State welfare agency or State agency on aging) and the criteria that they
Certain federal programs (e.g., the Pell Grant program which provides grants to students) involve intermediate levels of application processing, i.e., applications
are transmitted through colleges or universities that are neither the direct applicant nor the ultimate beneficiary. For these programs,
the criteria that the intermediaries must satisfy are also indicated, along with intermediaries who are not eligible.
How to apply...
By application forms available from Service Centers of the Office of Personnel Management and from Federal agency personnel offices. Veterans eligible for the noncompetitive appointment mentioned above should make personal contact with the Federal agency where they would like to be considered for employment.
Note: Each program will indicate whether applications are to be submitted to the Federal headquarters, regional or local office, or to a State or local government office.
Note: Grant payments may be made by a letter of credit, advance by Treasury check, or reimbursement by Treasury check.
Awards may be made by the headquarters office directly to the applicant, an agency field office, a regional office,
or by an authorized county office. The assistance may pass through the initial applicant for further distribution by
intermediate level applicants to groups or individuals in the private sector.
Deadlines and process...
Under Public Law 95-454, retired members of the armed forces will no longer be considered preference eligible as of October 1, 1980, unless they are disabled veterans or retired below the rank of Major or the equivalent. Under Public Law 97-306, enacted October 14, 1982, a 2-year minimum active duty service condition for those entering military service after September 7, 1980, or the full period for which called or ordered to active duty, must be met, unless they are disabled veterans.
When available, this section indicates the deadlines for applications to the funding agency which will
be stated in terms of the date(s) or between what dates the application should be received.
When not available, applicants should contact the funding agency for deadline information.
Range of Approval/Disapproval Time
This program is excluded from coverage under E.O. 12372.
This section indicates whether any prior coordination or approval is required with governmental or nongovernmental units
prior to the submission of a formal application to the federal funding agency.
In some cases, there are no provisions for appeal. Where applicable, this section discusses appeal procedures or allowable rework time for resubmission
of applications to be processed by the funding agency. Appeal procedures vary with individual programs and are either listed in this section or
applicants are referred to appeal procedures documented in the relevant Code of Federal Regulations (CFR).
In some instances, renewal procedures may be the same as for the application procedure, e.g., for projects of a non-continuing nature renewals will be treated as new, competing applications; for projects of an ongoing nature, renewals may be given annually.
Who can benefit...
Non-disabled veterans, disabled veterans and certain wives or husbands, widows, widowers, and mothers of veterans.
About this section:
This section lists the ultimate beneficiaries of a program, the criteria they must satisfy and who specifically is not eligible. The applicant and beneficiary will generally be the same for programs that provide assistance directly from a Federal agency. However, financial assistance that passes through State or local governments will have different applicants and beneficiaries since the assistance is transmitted to private sector beneficiaries who are not obligated to request or apply for the assistance.
What types of assistance...
Programs which reflect the Governmentwide responsibilities of the Office of Personnel Management in the recruitment and hiring of Federal civilian agency personnel.
How much financial aid...
Range and Average of Financial Assistance
This section lists the representative range (smallest to largest) of the amount of financial assistance available. These figures are based upon funds awarded in the past fiscal year and the current fiscal year to date. Also indicated is an approximate average amount of awards which were made in the past and current fiscal years.
(Salaries and expenses) Obligations are devoted to administration, and are not separately identifiable.
The dollar amounts listed in this section represent obligations for the past fiscal year (PY), estimates for the current fiscal year (CY), and estimates for the budget fiscal year (BY) as reported by the Federal agencies. Obligations for non-financial assistance programs indicate the administrative expenses involved in the operation of a program.
Note: This 11-digit budget account identification code represents the account which funds a particular program.
This code should be consistent with the code given for the program area as specified in Appendix III of the Budget of the United States Government.
Examples of funded projects...
About this section
This section indicates the different types of projects which have been funded in the past. Only projects funded under Project Grants or Direct Payments for Specified Use should be listed here. The examples give potential applicants an idea of the types of projects that may be accepted for funding. The agency should list at least five examples of the most recently funded projects.
As of September 30, 2001, 480,464 received assistance, veterans or 26.9 percent of the non-Postal Federal work force, excluding Army and Air Force National Guards. Disabled veterans totaled 81,131 or 16.9 percent of these veterans. There were 11,059 veterans' readjustment appointments in the Federal work force. Data are not yet available for fiscal year 2002.
Criteria for selecting proposals...
Length and Time Phasing of Assistance
Formula and Matching Requirements
A formula may be based on population, per capita income, and other statistical factors. Applicants are informed whether there are any matching requirements to be met when participating in the cost of a project. In general, the matching share represents that portion of the project costs not borne by the Federal government. Attachment F of OMB Circular No. A-102 (Office of Management and Budget) sets forth the criteria and procedures for the evaluation of matching share requirements which may be cash or in-kind contributions made by State and local governments or other agencies, institutions, private organizations, or individuals to satisfy matching requirements of Federal grants or loans.
Cash contributions represent the grantees' cash outlay, including the outlay of money contributed to the grantee by other public agencies, institutions, private organizations, or individuals. When authorized by Federal regulation, Federal funds received from other grants may be considered as the grantees' cash contribution.
In-kind contributions represent the value of noncash contributions provided by the grantee, other public agencies and institutions, private organizations or individuals. In-kind contributions may consist of charges for real property and equipment, and value of goods and services directly benefiting and specifically identifiable to the grant program. When authorized by Federal legislation, property purchased with Federal funds may be considered as grantees' in-kind contribution.
Maintenance of effort (MOE) is a requirement contained in certain legislation, regulations, or administrative policies stating that a grantee must maintain a specified level of financial effort in a specific area in order to receive Federal grant funds, and that the Federal grant funds may be used only to supplement, not supplant, the level of grantee funds.
Post assistance requirements...
This section indicates whether program reports, expenditure reports, cash reports or performance monitoring are required by the Federal funding agency, and specifies at what time intervals (monthly, annually, etc.) this must be accomplished.
This section discusses audits required by the Federal agency.
The procedures and requirements for State and local governments and nonprofit entities are set forth in OMB Circular No. A-133.
These requirements pertain to awards made within the respective State's fiscal year - not the Federal fiscal year,
as some State and local governments may use the calendar year or other variation of time span designated as the fiscal year period,
rather than that commonly known as the Federal fiscal year (from October 1st through September 30th).
This section indicates the record retention requirements and the type of records the Federal agency may require.
Not included are the normally imposed requirements of the General Accounting Office.
For programs falling under the purview of OMB Circular No. A-102, record retention is set forth in Attachment C.
For other programs, record retention is governed by the funding agency's requirements.
Veterans Preference Act of 1944, Public Laws 78- 359, 93-508, 94-502, 95-520, 95-454, 97-72, 97-306, 98-543, 99-576, 101- 237, 102-16 and 102-568; Executive Order 11521, March 26, 1970.
This section lists the legal authority upon which a program is based (acts, amendments to acts, Public Law numbers, titles, sections, Statute Codes, citations to the U.S. Code, Executive Orders, Presidential Reorganization Plans, and Memoranda from an agency head).
Regulations, Guidelines, And Literature
"Veteran Preference," EL- 3 (8/95); "Special Appointing Authorities for Veterans," EL-4 (8/95); "Medical Disqualification of Preference Eligibles," EL-8 (8/95); "Job Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities", EL-11 (8/95) (for use by Disabled Veterans); Regulations: 5 CFR 211, 5 CFR 213, 5 CFR 307 and 5 CFR 720.